A web application is a software program accessible through a web browser over the internet. It operates on a client-server architecture, with the user’s browser acting as the client and interacting with a web server. Web applications are versatile, allowing users to access them from different devices without the need for installation. They often offer interactive and dynamic user experiences, relying on server-side and client-side scripts. Examples include email services, social media platforms, online shopping websites, and productivity tools.
Application security defends software code and data against cyber threats. Constructing robust security programs requires applying the principles of application security throughout the entire application lifecycle
OWASP – What? Why ?
OWASP, the Open Web Application Security Project, is a non-profit organization focused on enhancing the security of web applications and software. They provide valuable resources, tools, and guidelines to help organizations and developers build secure applications while protecting against common web application security vulnerabilities.
One of their notable initiatives is the OWASP Top Ten Project which identifies and highlights the ten most critical web application security risks
OWASP Top 10
The OWASP TOP 10 serves as a valuable reference to steer your AppSec program in the right direction. Given that software applications are susceptible to numerous threats, it is essential to be aware of the prevalent risks identified by the OWASP Open Web Application Security Project.
Broken Access Control
Software with broken access control is prone to users getting unauthorized privileges on the web. This means that attackers can access user accounts on the web and act as administrators or, even worse, routine users. A quick application security solution would be the implementation of strong access mechanisms.
Commonly known as data exposures, cryptographic failures can be defined as the exposure of sensitive information as a result of improper protection. This information can be your passwords, credit card numbers, or other personal information.
The next important threat is the insecure design of the software application. By this, I mean ineffective security controls or missing data structures, and it can result in critical flaws like easy access for attackers to penetrate the website.
Identification and Authentication Failures
This is yet another recurring security threat associated with user identity apprehensions. The only solution to this problem is establishing secure verification systems that refrain attackers from exploiting your business databases.
Software and Data Integrity Failures
In addition, software and data integrity failure refers to the vulnerabilities caused by faulty infrastructure, especially code architectures. This usually occurs during software updates and data modifications. They often fall prey to chain attacks.
Security Logging and Monitoring Failures
These failures are usual cases of insufficient security response to a breach. They can easily hinder your app’s visibility and may eventually compromise its alerting mechanism.
Server-Side Request Forgery
These vulnerabilities occur when your software application does not validate a URL. This is mainly because it is pulling data from remote resources, which may eventually affect the firewall-protect servers.
Injection (Including XSS, LFI, and SQL Injection)
Another type of application threat is injection vulnerability, and they come in different forms. Simply put, these threats enable attackers to send malicious and faulty data to the website software interpreter. This can eventually integrate the malicious data into the server compilation and execution process.
Vulnerable and Outdated Components
Commonly referred to as vulnerabilities, outdated web components can also result in attackers penetrating your website. It usually occurs when the website is designed without proper knowledge of internal application components.
Security Misconfiguration (Including XXE)
If we extend the third point of improper designing, security misconfigurations are yet another type of software threat, and they are usually caused by security hardening. It can be anything from improper cloud configuration to using default admin passwords, external entity vulnerabilities, and unrequited features enabled.
Codesealear’s Approach to Web Application Security
Web Applications Code is directly sent to end-users’ browsers, exposing the code to potential reading, copying, and tampering. This vulnerability can result in stolen credentials, unauthorized access to accounts with escalated privileges, intellectual property theft, or harm to the company’s reputation.
Codesealer’s Code protection ensures that your application code is delivered via a secure tunnel only once the encrypted channel is created. When Code protection is enabled in the browser only the secured and tampered resistant Bootloader is visible.